Bibliography

Adam J, Green TH, Day RA (1992) An experimental study of two garnet pyroxenite xenoliths from the Bullenmerri and Gnotuk Maars of western Victoria, Australia. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 111(4):505-514. doi:10.1007/BF00320905

Albarède F, Provost A (1977) Petrological and geochemical mass balance equations: an algorithm for least-square fitting and general error analysis. Computers & Geosciences 3:309-326. doi:10.1016/0098-3004(77)90007-3

Allègre CJ, Schiano P, Lewin E (1995) Differences between oceanic basalts by multitrace element ratio topology. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 129:1-12. doi:10.1016/0012-821x(94)00235-q

Allègre CJ, Turcotte DL (1986) Implications of a two-component marble-cake mantle. Nature 323:123-127. doi:10.1038/323123a0

Ancey M, Bastenaire F, Tixier R (1978) Application des méthodes statistiques en microanalyse. In: Maurice F, Meny L, Tixier R (eds) Microanalyse, microscopie électronique à balayage. Les éditions du Physicien, Orsay, pp 323-347 isbn:9782902731190

Asimow PD & Ghiorso MS (1998) Algorithmic modifications extending MELTS to calculate subsolidus phase relations. American Mineralogist 83:1127-1132. doi:10.2138/am-1998-9-1022

Asimow PD, Hirschmann MM, Ghiorso MS, O’Hara MJ & Stolper EM (1995) The effect of pressure-induced solid-solid phase transitions on decompression melting of the mantle. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59(21):4489-4506. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(95)00252-u

Asimow PD, Hirschmann MM, Stolper EM (2001) Calculations of peridotite partial melting from thermodynamic models of minerals and melts, IV. Adiabatic decompression and the composition and mean properties of Mid-ocean Ridge Basalts. Journal of Petrology 42(5):963-998. doi:10.1093/petrology/42.5.963

Asimow PD, Stolper EM (1999) Steady-state mantle-melt interactions in one dimension: equilibrium, transport and melt focusing. Journal of Petrology 40(3):475-494. doi:10.1093/petrology/40.3.475

Aulbach S, Griffin WL, Pearson NJ, O’Reilly SY & Doyle BJ (2007) Lithosphere formation in the central Slave Craton (Canada): plume subcretion or lithosphere accretion. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 154:409-427. doi:10.1007/s00410-007-0200-1

Baker MB, Beckett JR (1999) The origin of abyssal peridotite: a reinterpretation of constraints based on primary bulk composition. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 171:49-61. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(99)00130-2

Baker MB, Hirschmann MM, Ghiorso MS, Stolper EM (1995) Compositions of nearsolidus peridotite melts from experiments and thermodynamic calculations. Nature 375:308-311. doi:10.1038/375308a0

Baker MB, Stolper EM (1994) Determining the composition of high pressure mantle melts using diamond aggregates. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 58:2811-2827. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(94)90116-3

Becker H (1996) Crustal trace element and isotopic signatures in garnet pyroxenites from garnet peridotite massifs from lower Austria. Journal of Petrology 37:785-810. doi:10.1093/petrology/37.4.785

Bedini RM, Bodinier JL, Vernieres J (2002) Numerical simulation of Mg-Fe partitioning during melting and melt-rock interactions in the shallow upper mantle. Orogenic Lherzolite Conference, Japan 2002.

Berman RG & Koziol AM (1991) Ternary excess properties of grossular-pyrope-almandine garnet and their influence in geothermobarometry. American Mineralogist 76:1223-1231. doi:10.1038/271533a0

Blichert-Toft J, Albarède F, Kornprobst J (1999) Lu-Hf isotope systematics of garnet pyroxenites from Beni Bousera, Morocco: implications for basalt origin. Science 283:1303-1306. doi:10.1126/science.283.5406.1303

Bodinier JL, Garrido CJ, Chanefo I, Brugruier O & Gervilla F (2008) Origin of pyroxenite-peridotite veined mantle by refertilization reactions: evidence from the Ronda peridotite (Southern Spain). Journal of Petrology 49(5):999-1025. doi:10.1093/petrology/egn014

Bodinier J-L, Garrido CJ, Chanefo I, Bruguier O, Gervilla F (2008) Origin of pyroxenite-peridotite veined mantle by refertilization reactions: evidence from the Ronda Peridotite (Southern Spain). Journal of Petrology 49:999-1025. doi:10.1093/petrology/egn014

Braun MG (2004) Petrologic and microstructural constraints on focused melt transport in dunites and the rheology of the shallow mantle. PhD Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Braun MG, Kelemen PB (2002) Dunite distribution in the Oman Ophiolite: implications for melt flux through porous dunite conduits. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 3(11):1-21 doi:10.1029/2001GC000289

Carmichael IS E., Nicholls J & Smith AL (1970) Silica activity in igneous rocks. American Mineralogist 55:246-263.

Christie DM, Carmichael ISE, Langmuir CH (1986) Oxidation states of mid-ocean ridge basalt glasses. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 79:397-411. doi:10.1016/0012-821X(86)90195-0

Cottrell E & Kelley KA (2011) The oxidation state of Fe in MORB glasses and the oxygen fugacity of the upper mantle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 305:270-282. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.03.014

Daines MJ, Kohlstedt DL (1994) The transition from porous to channelized flow due to melt/rock reaction during melt migration. Geophysical Research Letters 21:145-148. doi:10.1029/93GL03052

Dessai AG, Markwick A, Vaselli O, Downes H (2004) Granulite and pyroxenite xenoliths from the Deccan Trap: insight into the nature and composition of the lower lithosphere beneath cratonic India. Lithos 78:263-290. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2004.04.038

Dick HJ B. & Sinton JM (1979) Compositional layering in Alpine peridotites: evidence for pressure solution creep in the mantle. Journal of Geology 87:403-416. doi:10.1086/628428

Dick HJB (1989) Abyssal peridotites, very slow spreading ridges and ocean ridge magmatism. In: Saunders AD, Norry MJ (eds) Magmatism in the ocean basins. Geological Society Special Publications, London 42:71-105 isbn:9781897799123

Dickey JS (1970) Partial fusion products in alpine-type peridotites: Serrania de la Ronda and other examples. Mineralogical Society of America Special Papers 3:33-49.

Ducea MN (2002) Constraints on the bulk composition and root foundering rates of continental arcs: a California arc perspective. Journal of Geophysical Research 107(B11):2304. doi:10.1029/2001JB000643

Dupré B, Allègre CJ (1983) Pb-Sr isotope variation in Indian Ocean Basalts and mixing phenomena. Nature 303:142-146. doi:10.1038/303142a0

Eiler JM, Schiano P, Kitchen N, Stolper EM (2000) Oxygen-isotope evidence for recycled crust in the sources of mid-ocean-ridge basalts. Nature 403:530-534. doi:10.1038/35000553

Elthon D (1979) High magnesia liquids as the parental magma for ocean floor basalts. Nature 278:514-518. doi:10.1038/278514a0

Elthon D (1987) Petrology of gabbroic rocks from the mid-Cayman Rise spreading center. Journal of Geophysical Research 92:658-682. doi:10.1029/JB092iB01p00658

Elthon D (1989) Pressure of origin of primary mid-ocean ridge basalts. In: Saunders AD, Norry MJ (eds) Magmatism in the ocean basins. Geological Society of America, Boulder, pp 125-136 isbn:9781897799123

Elthon D, Scarfe CM (1980) High-pressure phase equilibria of a high magnesia basalt: implications for the origin of mid-ocean ridge basalts. Carnegie Institution of Washington Yearbook 79, pp 277-281

Elthon D, Scarfe CM (1984) High-pressure phase equilibria of a high magnesia basalt and the genesis of primary oceanic basalts. American Mineralogist 69:1-15

Falloon TJ, Danyushevsky LV (2000) Melting of refractory mantle at 1. 5, 2 and 2. 5 GPa under anhydrous and H2O-undersaturated conditions: implications for the petrogenesis of high-Ca boninites and the influence of subduction components on mantle melting. Journal of Petrology 41:257-283. doi:10.1093/petrology/41.2.257

Faul UH (1997) Permeability of partially molten upper mantle rocks from experiments and percolation theory. Journal of Geophysical Research 102(B5):10299-10311. doi:10.1029/96jb03460

Garrido CJ, Bodinier J-L (1999) Diversity ofmafic rocks in the Ronda peridotite: evidence for persuasive melt-rock reaction during heating of subcontinental lithosphere by upwelling asthenosphere. Journal of Petrology 40:729-754. doi:10.1093/petroj/40.5.729

Ghent ED, Coleman RG, Hadely DG (1980) Ultramafic inclusions and host alkali olivine basalts of the southern coastal plain of the Red Sea, Saudi Arabia. American Journal of Science 280:499-527.

Ghiorso MS, Hirschmann MM, Reiners PW, Kress VC (2002) The pMELTS: a revision of MELTS for improved calculation of phase relations and major element partitioning related to partial melting of the mantle to 3 GPA. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems doi:10.1029/2001GC000217

Ghiorso MS, Sack RO (1995) Chemical mass transfer in magmatic processes IV. A revised and internally consistent thermodynamic model for the interpolation and extrapolation of liquid-solid equilibria in magmatic systems at elevated temperatures and pressures. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 119(2/3):197-212. doi:10.1007/BF00307281

Ghods A & Arkani-Hamed J (2000) Melt migration beneath mid-ocean ridges. Geophysical Journal International 140(3):687-697. doi:10.1046/j.1365-246X.2000.00032.x

Godard M, Bodinier JL, Vasseur G (1995) Effects of mineralogical reactions on trace element redistributions in mantle rocks during percolation processes: a chromatographic approach. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 133:449-461. doi:10.1016/0012-821X(95)00104-K

Green DH, Falloon TJ, Eggins SM, Yaxley GM (2001) Primary magmas and mantle temperatures. European Journal of Mineralogy 13:437-451. doi:10.1127/0935-1221/2001/0013-0437

Green DH, Hibberson WO, Jaques AL (1979) Petrogenesis of midocean ridge basalts. In: McElhinney MW (ed) The earth: its origin, structure and evolution. Academic Press. isbn:9780124827509

Griffin WL, O’Reilly SY & Ryan CG (1999) The composition and origin of subcontinental lithospheric mantle. In: Fei Y, Bertka CM & Mysen BO (eds) Mantle Petrology: Field Observations and High-pressure Experimentation. Geochemical Society Special Publications 6:13-45. isbn:9780941809054 pdf

Grove TL, Kinzler RJ, Bryan WB (1992) Fractionation of Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalt (MORB). Geophysical Monograph Series 71:281-310. doi:10.1029/gm071p0281

Gudfinnsson GH, Presnall DC (2000) Melting Behaviour of Model Lherzolite in the System CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-FeO at 0. 7-GPa-2. 8 GPa. Journal of Petrology 41:1241-1269. doi:10.1093/petrology/41.8.1241

Hart SR (1993) Equilibration during mantle melting: a fractal tree model. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 90:11914-11918. doi:10.1073/pnas.90.24.11914

Herbert LB & Monte¤si LG J. (2010) Generation of permeability barriers during melt extraction at mid-ocean ridges. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 11(12). doi:10.1029/2010GC003270

Herzberg C, Asimow PD, Arndr N, Niu Y, Lesher CM, Fitton JG, Cheadle MJ, Saunders AD (2003) Temperature in ambient mantle and plumes: constraints from basalts, picrites and komatiites. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 8. doi:10.1029/2006GC001390

Hess PC (1992) Phase equilibria constraints on the Origin of Ocean Floor Basalts. Geophysical Monograph Series 71:67-102 doi:10.1029/gm071p0067

Hirose K, Kushiro I (1993) Partial melting of dry peridotites at high pressures: determination of compositions of melts segregated from peridotite using aggregates of diamond. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 114:477-489. doi:10.1016/0012-821x(93)90077-m

Hirschmann MM, Baker MB, Stolper EM (1998) The effects of alkalis on the silica content of mantle-derived melts. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 62:883-902. doi:10.1016/s0016-7037(98)00028-3

Hirschmann MM, Ghiorso MS, Davis FA, Gordon SM, Mukherjee S, Grove TL, Krawczynski M, Medard E & Till CB (2008) Library of experimental phase relations (LEPR): A database and Web portal for experimental magmatic phase equilibria data. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 9(3). doi:10.1029/2007GC001894

Hirschmann MM, Kogiso T, Baker MB, Stolper EM (2003) Alkalic magmas generated by partial melting of garnet pyroxenite. Geology 31:481-484. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(2003)031<0481:amgbpm>2.0.co;2

Hirschmann MM, Stolper EM (1996) A possible role for garnet pyroxenite in the origin of the “garnet signature” in MORB. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 124:185-208. doi:10.1007/s004100050184

Holtzman BK, Groebner NJ, Zimmerman ME & Ginsberg SB (2003) Stress-driven melt segregation in partially molten rocks. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 4(5). doi:10.1029/2001GC00258

Ito K, Kennedy GC (1974) The composition of liquids formed by partial melting of eclogites at high temperatures and pressures. Journal of Geology 82:383-392. doi:10.1086/627970

Jackson MD, Ohnenstetter M (1981) Peridotite and gabbroic structures in the Monte Maggiore Massif, Alpine Corsica. Journal of Geology 89:703-719 doi:10.1086/628637

Jahn B, Fan Q, Yang J-J, Henin O (2003) Petrogenesis of the Maowu pyroxenite-eclogite body from the UHP metamorphic terrane of Dabieshan: chemical and isotopic constraints. Lithos 70:243-267. doi:10.1016/s0024-4937(03)00101-4

Johnson KT, Dick HJB, Schimizu N (1990) Melting in the oceanic upper mantle: an ion microprobe study of diopsides in abyssal peridotites. Journal of Geophysical Research 95:2661-2678. doi:10.1029/jb095ib03p02661

Katz RF, Spiegelman M & Holtzman B (2006) The dynamics of melt and shear localization in partially molten aggregates. Nature 442:676-679. doi:10.1038/nature05039

Kelemen PB (1990) Reaction between ultramafic rock and fractionating basaltic magma I. Phase relations, the origin of calc-alkaline magma series, and the formation of discordant dunite. Journal of Petrology 31(1):51-98. doi:10.1093/petrology/31.1.51

Kelemen PB, Hirth G, Shimizu N, Spiegelman M, Dick HJB (1997) A review of melts migration processes in the adiabatically upwelling mantle beneath oceanic spreading ridges. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A 355:283-318. doi:10.1098/rsta.1997.0010

Kelemen PB, Joyce DB, Webster JD, Holloway JR (1990) Reaction between ultramafic wall rock and fractionating basaltic magma: Part II, Experimental investigation of reaction between olivine tholeiite and harzburgite at 1150 and 1050 C and 5 kbar. Journal of Petrology 31:99-134 doi:10.1093/petrology/31.1.99

Kelemen PB, Shimizu N, Salters VJM (1995) Extraction of midocean-ridge basalt from the upwelling mantle by focused flow of melt in dunite channels. Nature 375:747-753. doi:10.1038/375747a0

Keshav S, Gudfinnsson GH, Sen G, Fei Y (2004) High-pressure melting experiments on garnet clinopyroxenite and the alkalic to tholeiitic transition in ocean-island basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 223:365-379. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2004.04.029

Kinzler RJ (1997) Melting of mantle peridotite at pressures approaching the spinel to garnet transition: application to midocean ridge basalt petrogenesis. Journal of Geophysical Research 102:853-874. doi:10.1029/96JB00988

Kinzler RJ, Grove TL (1992) Primary magmas of mid-ocean ridge basalts 2. Applications. Journal of Geophysical Research 97:6907-6926. doi:10.1029/91JB02841

Kinzler RJ, Grove TL (1993) Corrections and further discussion of the primary magmas of mid-ocean ridge basalts, 1 and 2. Journal of Geophysical Research 98:22339-22347. doi:10.1029/93JB02164

Klein EM, Langmuir CH (1987) Global correlations of ocean ridge basalt chemistry with axial depth and crustal thickness. Journal of Geophysical Research 92:8089-8115. doi:10.1029/JB092iB08p08089

Kogiso T, Hirose K, Takahashi E (1998) Melting experiments on homogeneous mixtures of peridotite and basalt: application to the genesis of ocean island basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 162:45-61. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(98)00156-3

Kogiso T, Hirschmann MM & Frost DJ (2003) High-pressure partial melting of garnet pyroxenite: possible mafic lithologies in the source of ocean island basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 216(4):603-617. doi:10.1016/s0012-821x(03)00538-7

Kogiso T, Hirschmann MM & Pertermann M (2004) High-pressure partial melting of mafic lithologies in the mantle. Journal of Petrology 45(12):2407-2422. doi:10.1093/petrology/egh057

Kogiso T, Hirschmann MM (2006) Partial melting experiments of bimineralic eclogite and the role of recycled mafic oceanic crust in the genesis of ocean island basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 249:188-199. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2006.07.016

Kogiso T, Hirschmann MM, Reiners PW (2004) Length scales of mantle heterogeneities and their relationship to ocean island basalt geochemistry. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 68:345-360. doi:10.1016/s0016-7037(03)00419-8

Kohlstedt DL (1991) Structure, rheology and permeability of partially molten rocks at low melt fractions. In: Phipps Morgan J, Blackman DK & Sinton JM (eds) Mantle Flow and Melt Generation at Mid-ocean Ridges. Geophysical Monograph Series 71:103-121. doi:10.1029/gm071p0103

Kornprobst J (1970) Les péridotites et les pyroxenolites du massif ultrabasique des Beni Bouchera: une etude experimentale entre 1100 et 1550 C sous 15 à 30 kilobars de pression sèche. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 29:290-309. doi:10.1007/bf00371277

Kubo K (2002) Dunite formation processes in highly depleted peridotite: Case study of the Iwanaidake, Hokkaido, Japan. Journal of Petrology 43:423-448. doi:10.1093/petrology/43.3.423

Kumar N, Reisberg L, Zindler A (1996) A major and trace element and strontium, neodymium, and osmium isotopic study of a thick pyroxenite layer from the Beni Bousera ultramafic complex of northern Morocco. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60:1429-1444. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(95)00443-2

Kuno H, Aoki K-I (1970) Chemistry of ultramafic nodules and their bearing on the origin of basaltic magmas. Phys. Earth Planet. Int. 3:273-301. doi:10.1016/0031-9201(70)90065-8

Kushiro I (1996) Partial melting of a fertile mantle peridotite at high pressures: an experimental study using aggregates of diamond. In: Basu A, Hart S (Eds. ), Earth Processes: Reading the Isotopic Code: Geophysical Monogaph:vol. 95:p. 437. doi:10.1029/GM095p0109

Lambart S, Laporte D & Schiano P (2009) An experimental study of pyroxenite partial melts at 1 and 1.5 GPa: implications for the major-element composition of mid-ocean ridge basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 288:335-347. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.09.038

Lambart S, Laporte D, Schiano P (2009) An experimental study of focused magma transport and basalt-peridotite interactionsbeneathmid-ocean ridges: implications for the generation of primitive MORB composition. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 157:429-451. doi:10.1007/s00410-008-0344-7

Langmuir CH, Klein EM, Plank T (1992) Petrological systematics of mid-ocean ridge basalts: constraints on melt generation beneath ocean ridges. Geophysical Monograph Series 71:183-280 doi:10.1029/GM071p0183

Laporte D, Schiano P, Boivin P (2006) The composition of low degree melts of fertile peridotites at 1 and 1. 3 GPa. EMPG XI (XIth International Symposium on Experimental Mineralogy:Petrology and Geochemistry):Bristol link

Laporte D, Toplis MJ, Seyler M, Devidal JL (2004) A new experimental technique for extracting liquids from peridotite at very low degrees of melting: application to partial melting of depleted peridotite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 146:463-484. doi:10.1007/s00410-003-0509-3

Laubier M, Schiano P, Doucelance R, Ottolini L, Laporte D (2007) Olivine-hosted melt inclusions and melting processes beneath the famous zone (mid-atlantic ridge). Chemical Geology 240:129-150. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.02.002

Le Bas MJ, Le Maitre RW, Streckeisen A & Zanettin B (1986) A chemical classification of volcanic rocks based on the total alkali-silica diagram. Journal of Petrology 27:745-750. doi:10.1093/petrology/27.3.745

Le Roux PJ, Le Roex AP, Schilling JG (2002) MORB melting processes beneath the southern mid-Atlantic ridge (40-55 degrees S): a role for mantle plume-derived pyroxenite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 144:206-229. doi:10.1007/s00410-002-0376-3

Lee CTA., Cheng X, Horodyskyj U (2006) The development and refinement of continental arcs by primary basaltic magmatism, garnet pyroxenite accumulation, basaltic recharge and delamination: insights from the Sierra Nevada, California. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 151:22-242. doi:10.1007/s00410-005-0056-1

Lenoir X, Garrido CJ, Bodinier JL, Dautria JM & Gervilla F (2001) The recrystallization front of the Ronda peridotite: evidence for melting and thermal erosion of subcontinental lithospheric mantle beneath the Alboran Basin. Journal of Petrology 42(1):141-158. doi:10.1093/petrology/42.1.141

Liu Y, Gao S, Lee CTA, Hu S, Liu X, Yuan H (2005) Melt-peridotite interactions: links between garnet pyroxenite and high-Mg signature of continental crust. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 234:39-57. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2005.02.034

Lundstrom CC, Gill J & Williams Q (2000) A geochemically consistent hypothesis for MORB generation. Chemical Geology 162(2):105-126. doi:10.1016/s0009-2541(99)00122-9

Luth WC & Ingamells CO (1965) Gel preparation of starting materials for hydrothermal experimentation. American Mineralogist 50:255-258.

McKenzie D, Bickle MJ (1988) The volume and composition of melt generated by extension of the lithosphere. Journal of Petrology 29:625-697 doi:10.1093/petrology/29.3.625

McKenzie D, O’Nions RK (1991) Partial melt distributions from inversion of rare Earth element concentrations. Journal of Petrology 32:1021-1091 doi:10.1093/petrology/32.5.1021

Médard E, Schmidt MW, Schiano P, Ottolini L (2006) Melting of amphibole-bearing wehrlites: an experimental study on the origin of ultra-calcic nepheline-normative melts. Journal of Petrology 47:491-504. doi:10.1093/petrology/egi083

Melcher F, Meisel T, Puhl J, Koller F (2002) Petrogenesis and geotectonic setting of ultramafic rocks in the Eastern Alps: constraints fromgeochemistry. Lithos 65:69-112. doi:10.1016/s0024-4937(02)00161-5

Melson WG, O'Hearn T (2003) Smithsonian Volcanic Glass File. PetDB database

Michael PJ (1995) Regionally distinctives sources of depleted MORB: evidence from trace elements and H2O. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 131:301-320. doi:10.1016/0012-821x(95)00023-6

Michael PJ, Schilling J-G (1989) Chlorine in mid-ocean ridge magmas: evidence for assimilation of seawater-influenced components. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 53:3131-3143. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(89)90094-x

Morgan Z, Liang Y (2003) An experimental study of the kinetics of harzburgite reactive dissolution with applications to dunite dike formation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 214:59-74. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(03)00375-3

Morgan Z, Liang Y (2005) An experimental study of the kinetics of lhezolite reactive dissolution with applications to dunite dike formation. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 150:369-385. doi:10.1007/s00410-005-0033-8

Navon O, Stolper EM (1987) Geochemical consequences of melt percolation-the upper mantle as a chromatographic column. Journal of Geology 95:285-307 doi:10.1086/629131

Niu Y (1997) Mantle melting and melt extraction processes beneath Ocean Ridges: evidence from abyssal peridotites. Journal of Petrology 38:1047-1074. doi:10.1093/petrology/38.8.1047

Niu Y, Batiza R (1997) Trace element evidence from seamounts for recycled oceanic crust in the Eastern Pacific mantle. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 148:471-483. doi:10.1016/s0012-821x(97)00197-0

Niu Y, Collerson KD, Batiza R, Wendt IJ, Regelous M (1999) Origin of enriched-type Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalt at ridges far from mantle plumes: The East Pacific Rise at 11°20?N. Journal of Geophysical Research 104:7067-7087. doi:10.1029/1998jb900037

Niu Y, Hékinian R (1997) Spreading-rate dependence of the extent of mantle melting beneath ocean ridges. Nature 385:326-329. doi:10.1038/385326a0

Niu Y, Langmuir CH, Kinzler RJ (1997) The origin of abyssal peridotites: a new perspective. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 152:251-265. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(97)00119-2

Niu Y, Regelous M, Wendt IJ, Batiza R, O'Hara MJ (2002) Geochemistry of near-EPR seamounts: importance of source vs. process and the origin of enriched mantle component. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 199:327-345. doi:10.1016/s0012-821x(02)00591-5

O’Hara MJ (1965) Primary magmas and the origin of basalts. Scottish Journal of Geology 1:19-40 doi:10.1144/sjg01010019

O’Hara MJ (1968) Are ocean floor basalts primary magma?Nature 220:683-686. doi:10.1038/220683a0

O’Hara MJ (1977) Geochemical evolution during fractional crystallization of a periodically refilled magma chamber. Nature 266:503-507. doi:10.1038/266503a0

O’Hara MJ, Mathews RE (1981) Geochemical evolution in a advancing periodically replenished, periodically tapped, continuously fractionated magma chamber. Journal of the Geological Society 138:237-277. doi:10.1144/gsjgs.138.3.0237

Pearson DG, Davies GR & Nixon PH (1993) Geochemical constraints on the petrogenesis of diamond facies pyroxenites from the Beni Bousera peridotite massif, North Morocco. Journal of Petrology 34(1):125-172. doi:10.1093/petrology/34.1.125

Pearson DG, Nixon PH (1996) Diamonds in young orogenic belts: graphitised diamonds from Beni Bousera N Morocoo, a comparison with kimberlite-derived diamond occurences and implications for diamond genesis and exploration. Africa Geoscience Review 3(2):295-316.

Pertermann M, Hirschmann MM (2003) Anhydrous partial melting experiments on a MORB-like eclogite: phase relations, phase compositions and mineral-melt partitioning of major elemens at 2-3 GPa. Journal of Petrology 44:2173-2201. doi:10.1093/petrology/egg074

Pertermann M, Hirschmann MM (2003). Partial melting experiments on a MORB-like pyroxenite between 2 and 3 GPa: constraints on the presence of pyroxenite in basalt source regions from solidus location and melting rate. Journal of Geophysical Research 108(B2):2125. doi:10.1029/2000JB000118

Phipps Morgan J (2001) Thermodynamics of pressure release melting of a veined plum pudding mantle. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 2. doi:10.1029/2000GC000049

Piccardo GB & Vissers RL M. (2007) The pre-oceanic evolution of the Erro-Tobbio peridotite (Voltri Massif, Ligurian Alps, Italy). Journal of Geodynamics 43(4-5):417-449. doi:10.1016/j.jog.2006.11.001

Pilet S, Baker MB & Stolper EM (2008) Metasomatized lithosphere and the origin of alkaline lavas. Science 320(5878):916-919. doi:10.1126/science.1156563

Polvé M & Allègre CJ (1980) Orogenic lherzolite complexes studied by 87Rb-87Sr: a clue to understand the mantle convection processes. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 51:71-93. doi:10.1016/0012-821x(80)90258-7

Porreca C, Selverstone J, Samuels K (2006) Pyroxenite xenoliths from the Rio Puerco volcanic field, New Mexico: melt metasomatism at the margin of the Rio Grande rift. Geosphere 2:333-351. doi:10.1130/ges00058.1

Presnall DC, Dixon SA, Dixon JR, O'Donnell TH, Brenner NL, Schrock RL, Dycus DW (1978) Liquidus phase relations on the join diopside-forsterite-anorthite at 1 atm to 20 kbar; their bearing on the generation and crystallization of basaltic magma. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 66:203-220. doi:10.1007/bf00372159

Presnall DC, Gudfinnson GH, Walter MJ (2002) Generation of Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalts at pressure from 1 to 7 GPa. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 66:2073-2090. doi:10.1016/s0016-7037(02)00890-6

Putirka KD (1999) Clinopyroxene + liquid equilibrium to 100 kbar and 2450 K. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 135:151-163. doi:10.1007/s004100050503

Putirka KD (2008) Thermometers and barometers for volcanic systems. Rev. Mineral. Geochem. 69:61-120. doi:10.2138/rmg.2008.69.3

Putirka KD (2008) Excess temperatures at ocean islands: implications for mantle layering and convection. Geology 36:283-286. doi:10.1130/g24615a.1

Putirka KD, Johnson M, Kinzler RJ & Walker D (1996) Thermobarometry of mafic igneous rocks based on clinopyroxene- liquid equilibria, 0-30 kbar. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 123:92-108. doi:10.1007/s004100050145

Putirka KD, Perfit M, Ryerson FJ, Jackson MG (2007) Ambient and excess mantle temperatures, olivine thermometry, and active vs. passive upwelling. Chem. Geol. 241:177-206. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.01.014

Putirka KD, Ryerson FJ & Mikaelian H (2003) New igneous thermobarometers for mafic and evolved lava compositions, based on clinopyroxene þ liquid equilibria. American Mineralogist 88:1542-1554.

Quick JE (1981) The origin and significance of large, tabular dunite bodies in the Trinity peridotite, northern California. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 78:413-422. doi:10.1007/BF00375203

Rampone E, Romairone A, Hofmann AW (2004) Contrasting bulk and mineral chemistry in depleted mantle peridotites: evidence for reactive porous flow. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 218:491-506. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(03)00679-4

Reisberg LC, Allègre CJ & Luck JM (1991)The Re-Os systematic of Ronda ultramafic complex of southern Spain. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 105:196-213. doi:10.1016/0012-821x(91)90131-z

Remaïdi M (1993) Etude pétrologique et géochimique d’une association de péridotites réfractaires-pyroxénites dans le Massif de Ronda (Espagne). Ph.D. Thesis, Université Montpellier II, 437 p. link

Rhodes JM, Dungan MA, Blanchard DP & Long PE (1979) Magma mixing at mid-ocean ridges: evidence from basalts drilled near 228N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.Tectonophysics 55:35-61. doi:10.1016/0040-1951(79)90334-2

Robinson JAC, Wood BJ, Blundy JD (1998) The beginning of melting of fertile and depleted peridotite at 1. 5 GPa. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 155:97-111. doi:10.1016/s0012-821x(97)00162-3

Santos JF, Schärer U, Gil Ibarguchui JI, Girardeau J (2002) Genesis of pyroxenite-rich peridotite at Cabo Ortegal (NW Spain): geochemical and Pb-Sr-Nd isotope data. Journal of Petrology 43:17-43. doi:10.1093/petrology/43.1.17

Schiano P (2003) Primitive mantle magmas recorded as silicate melt inclusions in igneous minerals. Earth-Science Reviews 63:121-144. doi:10.1016/s0012-8252(03)00034-5

Schmickler B, Jacob DE, Foley SF (2004) Eclogite xenoliths from the Kuruman kimberlites, South Africa: geochemical fingerprinting of deep subduction and cumulate processes. Lithos 75:173-207. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2003.12.012

Schulze DJ (1989) Constraints on the abundance of eclogite in the upper mantle. Journal of Geophysical Research 94(B4):4205-4212. doi:10.1029/jb094ib04p04205

Shen Y, Forsyth DW (1995) Geochemical constraints on initial and final depths of melting beneath mid-ocean ridges. Journal of Geophysical Research 100(B2):2211-2237. doi:10.1029/94jb02768

Shervais JW,Wilshire HG & Schwarzman EC (1973) Garnet clinopyroxenite xenolith from Dish Hill, California. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 19:120-130. doi:10.1016/0012-821x(73)90106-4

Shimizu N (1998) The geochemistry of olivine-hosted melt inclusions in a Famous basalt ALV519-4-1. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 107:183-201. doi:10.1016/S0031-9201(97)00133-7

Sleep NH (1984) Tapping of magmas from ubiquitous mantle heterogeneities: an alternative to mantle plumes. Journal of Geophysical Research 89:10029-10041. doi:10.1029/jb089ib12p10029

Sleep NH (1988) Tapping of melts by veins and dykes. Journal of Geophysical Research 93:10255-10272. doi:10.1029/jb093ib09p10255

Smith CS (1964) Some elementary principles of polycrystalline microstructure. Metallurgical Reviews 9:1-48. doi:10.1179/mtlr.1964.9.1.1

Smith PM & Asimow PD (2005) Adiabat_1ph: A new public front-end to the MELTS, pMELTS, and pHMELTS models. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 6(1). doi:10.1029/2004GC000816

Sobolev AV, Hofmann AW, Kuzmin DV, Yaxley GM, Arndt NT, Chung, SL, Danyushevsky LV, Elliott T, Frey FA, Garcia MO, Gurenko AA, Kamenetsky VS, Kerr AC, Krivolutskaya NA, Matvienkov VV, Nikogosian IK, Rocholl A, Sigurdsson IA, Sushchevskaya NM, Teklay M (2007) The amount of recycled crust in sources of mantle-derived melts. Science 316:412-417. doi:10.5800/gt-2012-3-1-0059

Sobolev AV, Shimizu N (1993) Ultra-depleted primary melt included in an olivine from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Nature 363:151-154. doi:10.1038/363151a0

Sparks DW & Parmentier EM (1991) Melt extraction from the mantle beneath spreading centers. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 105(4):368-377. doi:10.1016/0012-821x(91)90178-k

Spiegelman M, Kelemen PB, Aharonov E (2001) Causes and consequences of flow organization during melt transport: The reaction infiltration instability in compactible media. Journal of Geophysical Research 106(B2):2061-2077. doi:10.1029/2000JB900240

Spray JG (1989) Upper mantle segregation processes: evidence from alpine-type peridotite. In: Saunders AD, Norry MJ (Eds. ), Magmatism in the ocean basins:Geological Society:London:Special Publications 42:29-40. doi:10.1144/gsl.sp.1989.042.01.04

Stolper E (1980) A phase diagram for mid-ocean ridge basalts: preliminary results and implications for petrogenesis. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 74(1):13-27. doi:10.1007/BF00375485

Suhr G (1999) Melt migration under oceanic ridges: inferences from reactive modelling of upper mantle hosted dunites. Journal of Petrology 40:575-599. doi:10.1093/petrology/40.4.575

Suhr G, Hellebrand E, Snow JE, Seck HA, Hofmann AW (2003) Significance of large, refractory dunite bodies in the upper mantle of the Bay of Islands Ophiolite. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 4(3) doi:10.1029/2001GC000277

Takahashi N (1992) Evidence for melt segregation towards fractures in Horoman mantle peridotite complex. Nature 359:52-58. doi:10.1038/359052a0

Tang HF, Liu CQ, Nakai S, Orihashi Y (2007) Geochemistry of eclogites from the Dabie-Sulu terrane, eastern China: new insights into protoliths and trace element behaviour during UHP metamorphism. Lithos 95:441-457. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2006.09.007

Tommasi A, Godard M, Coromina G, Dautria JM, Barsczus H (2004) Seismic anisotropy and compositionally induced velocity anomalies in the lithosphere above mantle plumes: a petrological and microstructural study of mantle xenoliths from French Polynesia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 227:539-556. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2004.09.019

Toplis MJ (2005) The thermodynamics of iron and magnesium partitioning between olivine and liquid: criteria for assessing and predicting equilibrium in natural and experimental systems. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 149:22-39. doi:10.1007/s00410-004-0629-4

Ulmer P (1989) The dependence of the Fe2+-Mg cation partitioning between olivine and basaltic liquid on pressure, temperature and composition. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 101:261-273. doi:10.1007/bf00375311

Van derWal D & Bodinier JL (1996) Origin of the recrystallization front in the Ronda peridotite by km-scale pervasive porous melt flow. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 122:387-405. doi:10.1007/s004100050135

Volkova NI, Frenkel AE, Budanov VI, Lepezin GG (2004) Geochemical signatures for eclogite protolith from the Maksyutov Complex, South Urals. J. Asian Earth Sci. 23:745-749. doi:10.1016/s1367-9120(03)00128-7

Walker D, Shibata T, Delong SE (1979) Abyssal tholeiites from the Oceanographer Fracture Zone II. Phase equilibria and mixing. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 71:111-125. doi:10.1007/BF00374440

Wark DA, Williams CA,Watson EB & Price JD (2003) Reassessment of pore shapes in microstructurally equilibrated rocks, with implications for permeability of the upper mantle. Journal of Geophysical Research 108(B1):2050. doi:10.1029/2001JB001575

Wasylenki LE, Baker MB, Kent AJR, Stolper EM (2003) Near-solidus melting of the shallow upper mantle: partial melting experiments on depleted peridotite. Journal of Petrology 44:1163-1191. doi:10.1093/petrology/44.7.1163

Xu Y (2002) Evidence for crustal components in the mantle and constraints on crustal recycling mechanisms: pyroxenite xenoliths from Hannuoba, North China. Chem. Geol. 182:301-322. doi:10.1016/s0009-2541(01)00300-x

Yasuda A, Fujii T, Kurita K (1994) Melting phase relations of an anhydrous Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalt from 3 to 20 GPa: implications for the behavior of subducted oceanic crust in the mantle. Journal of Geophysical Research 99(B5):9401-9414. doi:10.1029/93jb03205

Yaxley (2000) Experimental study of the phase and melting relations of homogeneous basalt + peridotite mixtures and implications for the petrogenesis of flood basalts. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 139:326-338 doi:10.1007/s004100000134

Yaxley G & Green DH (1998) Reactions between eclogite and peridotite: mantle refertilisation by subduction of oceanic crust. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 78(2):243-255. link

Yoder HS (1976) Generation of basaltic magma. National Academy of Sciences:Washington DC:pp 143-144 isbn:9780309025041

 
 
 

Dr Sarah Lambart
School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University
1.37, Main Building
Park Place, Cardiff, CF10 3AT, United Kingdom